7 Components of a Pergola Infographic

Adding a quality shade cover to your home can be a valuable addition, unless you reside in a place with little to no sunlight. In that case, perhaps consider a change of location. A bit of sunshine can be beneficial for your well-being. If you’re looking for a patio covering, there are quite a few options available. A pergola is a particularly popular choice. These outdoor structures have been around for centuries and are both beautiful and practical.

A pergola is an uncomplicated outdoor construction that comprises columns or posts that hold up a lattice roof, creating a shaded space. It is commonly placed over patios or gathering areas. Typically, these structures are placed over patios or gathering areas. Pergolas are popular due to their ability to block direct sunlight while permitting some light to filter through. It’s essential to understand that a pergola is distinct from other outdoor shade structures like gazebos, arbors, pavilions, or trellises to avoid confusion.

Constructing outdoor pergolas is a simple task that only requires seven components for the entire setup. These components include:


The primary support or framework for a pergola is called a column, also known as posts. The columns run in a vertical direction, starting from the footing and extending up to the beams. Pergolas that are attached require a minimum of two columns, whereas freestanding pergolas require a minimum of four columns for support.


In order to provide support for the columns, footings are created by pouring concrete into holes in the ground. The columns are then attached to these sturdy foundations.


The lattice-style roof of a pergola is made up of beams and rafters. Beams are positioned above the columns and support the rafters and purlins.

For a freestanding pergola, two beams are required, and it runs parallel to each other. On the other hand, the attached pergola only requires one beam, and it runs parallel to the ledger board.


Rafters are positioned on top of the beams and run perpendicular to the position of the beams.

The rafters are attached to both beams in a freestanding pergola, while the rafters on the attached pergola are connected to the beam on one end and the ledger board on the other end.

Ledger Boards

A ledger board is a component that is specifically used for attached pergolas. A ledger board is a type of support beam that is secured to the building’s wall frame. Its height is aligned with the rafters, and its length matches the size of the pergola.


Purlins, also known as stringers, are not mandatory for a pergola and can be added as an optional component. Purlins are installed on top of the rafters and positioned perpendicular to them to offer extra shade.


When building a pergola, you’ll primarily require screws and brackets for the hardware. Additionally, you may need to use nails, bolts, and nuts.

After learning about pergolas, the next step is to locate a patio cover contractor near you who can help you choose the design that best suits your yard. If you live in the Mesa or Phoenix area, give Royal Covers experts a call.

source: https://royalcovers.com/all-you-need-to-know-about-pergolas/


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