The disc braking system is the one that assists your vehicle when hitting the brake. A crucial component of this system is the brake caliper which is meant to last with the car. You can notice a faulty brake caliper with an abnormal noise, fluid leaks, reduced braking ability, and a feeling that the vehicle is pulling to one side. It is crucial to notice these abnormalities so you can address the issue right away so as not to compromise safety. You can do this by getting familiar with what a brake caliper is.
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What is a brake caliper?
The brake caliper is located in the front brakes and houses the pistons and pads. It clamps the rotors and slows the wheel with the friction that stops it from turning. Looking inside the caliper, it has two metal plates referred to as the brake pads. When pushing the brake pedal, the brake fluid applies pressure on the caliper’s pistons, putting the pads against the rotor. All the components work to slow down and stop the vehicle.
Is your brake caliper not working? Signs to look out for.
It can be challenging to notice any issues with the braking system or the brake caliper. Looking out for the following signs can tip you off any possible problems.
Is there brake fluid leaking around your wheels or in the engine compartment? This might be a sign since hydraulic fluid activates brake calipers and can develop leaks through the piston seal or the bleeder screw.
One obvious warning that something is wrong with your vehicle’s braking system is when the anti-lock braking system is on.
Reduced Braking Ability
Faulty caliper results in the softening of the brake pedal, and eventually, the vehicle not braking as well as it used to. When you catch yourself pumping the brake continually to make it work, then there’s a problem.
Spongy and Soft Brake Pedal
A leak in the brake caliper causes the pedal to feel soft. You will also feel abnormalities in the pedal due to more room between the rotor and the pad caused by a seized piston or sticking sliders.
A sticking brake caliper will wear down the brake pads. As a result, the brakes grind and squeak continuously.
The dragging sensation you feel when driving could be because of the brake pads being pushed against the rotors. The affected brakes are partly applied or applied at all times.
Since a sticking caliper, slider pins, or piston causes a partially applied pad, it drags on the motor. Eventually, you will find the brake pads wearing out unevenly.
Pulling or Jerking to One Side
Suppose you experienced this when braking, it is a result of seized caliper slides or brake caliper. You can feel it notably when you drive.
What do to if you suspect a faulty brake caliper:
When troubleshooting a faulty brake caliper, check for any leaks and abnormal wear. Perform a line lock test and see how the piston is operating. It is vital not to leave your brakes unchecked. Otherwise, it could result in partial or total loss of braking ability that can endanger you. For any signs of issues, you need to determine if it is due to a bad brake caliper and have it fixed right away as it can worsen and result in expensive repair work. Make sure to reach out to a premier auto repair and tire shop like Burt Brothers. They can diagnose and repair any braking problems your vehicle might have.